The Bow Valley is dominated by human presence and infrastructure that the wolf pack must navigate on a daily basis.  Of the 7 pups born into the pack last year, 6  died due to either train or motor vehicle accidents. As the summer has progressed, this years litter of wolf pups are now spending all their time on the go with their parents and the yearling sibling, learning the ropes of the Bow Valley ecosystem. It won’t be easy for them to survive in this environment but so far four have managed to make it past the first few months and are quickly learning the lessons required to survive.